Issuance of Bad Check or Similar Sight Order
Chapter 32 of the Texas Penal Code defines offenses relating to fraud.
“Issuance of Bad Check or Similar Sight Order”, as per § 32.41 of the Texas Penal Code, occurs when a person issues or passes a check or similar sight order for the payment of money knowing that the issuer does not have sufficient funds in or on deposit with the bank or other drawee for the payment in full of the check or order as well as all other checks or orders outstanding at the time of issuance.
This section does not prevent the prosecution from establishing the required knowledge by direct evidence; however, for purposes of this section, the issuer's knowledge of insufficient funds is presumed (except in the case of a postdated check or order) if:
(1) he had no account with the bank or other drawee at the time he issued the check or order; or
(2) payment was refused by the bank or other drawee for lack of funds or insufficient funds on presentation within 30 days after issue and the issuer failed to pay the holder in full within 10 days after receiving notice of that refusal.
Except as otherwise provided by this subsection, an offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor. If the check or similar sight order that was issued or passed was for a child support payment the obligation for which is established under a court order, the offense is a Class B misdemeanor.
Severity of Crime
Fine not to exceed $500
Confinement in jail for a term not to exceed 180 days
Fine not to exceed $2,000
Both such fine and confinement